30 Court Terminologies

A court order requiring all witnesses (except the parties) to remain outside the courtroom until everyone is called to testify. Also known as the „Cookie Exclusion“ or „Cookie Rule.“ Custody Order: A court order that indicates who a child will live with and who will make decisions about health care, education, and other important things. Service also refers to what the clerk does with the documents to ensure that a person or business receives those documents or receives a notification of a court hearing or order. The clerk can deliver documents by mail, registered mail, through the sheriff`s office, or through a specific person called a process server. Satisfaction of the judgment: A statement submitted to the court by the creditor of the judgment indicating that the judgment has been paid in full. See Judgment Creditor, Judgment. The official decision of a tribunal that definitively settles the dispute between the parties to the dispute. A court with the power to control the proceedings and judgments of the lower courts. Injunction: Conditional, temporary or non-final court order. 1. In appeal proceedings, a group of judges (usually three) is responsible for deciding the case; 2. In the jury selection process, the group of potential jurors; 3.

The list of lawyers who are both available and qualified to serve as court-appointed lawyers for defendants who cannot afford their own legal advice. Literally, „telling the truth.“ Preliminary examination of potential jurors by the court and lawyers to determine their qualifications to sit on a jury in each case. Also the examination of a witness by a lawyer, the preparation of a formal objection to the witness` testimony or other evidence. Summary of Judgment: A summary of the court`s final decision. Many words omitted. Unrepresented litigant: A person who appears in court without a lawyer. Also known as a pro-se party or unrepresented party to the proceedings. Subpoena duces tecum: An official court order to bring documents or records to a specific location at a specific time. Mandatory supplement: Fees that a defendant must pay if he or she has been convicted of a criminal offence. It is independent of any fines that the court might have imposed.

Action: In court, when a person sues another person, to: 1. Protect or enforce a right or 2. Prevent something bad from happening or fix something, or 3. Punish him for a crime. ex parte: These Latin words mean „only from 1 page“. An example is a request that is made without informing the other party. In many courts, even unilateral requests require 24-hour notice from the other side, except in unusual circumstances. Whether you can`t stop watching „The Good Wife,“ whether you`re a member of Olivia Benson and Elliot Stabler`s fan club, or you just enjoy listening to every episode of the „Court Junkie“ podcast in your favorite podcast app, you`re no stranger to the familiar language of the courtroom. Art. 18B Lawyer: Lawyer given to a person by the court. (District Act § 18b.) See Designated Counsel. Latin, which means „of your own free will.“ It is often a court that acts in a case without either party asking it to do so.

Fees: A certain amount of money paid in exchange for a service, such as filing a court document. Legal separation: You and your spouse or partner can end your relationship while remaining legally married or in a relationship and receive court orders on parental and financial matters with a judgment on legal separation. guilty: A court decision that an accused has committed a crime. Or when an accused admits that he has committed a crime. quash: Stop, clear, cancel, set aside. For example, setting aside a subpoena means that the court will not enforce the subpoena because it has been rescinded. Bail Schedule: A list of the recommended bail amount for various charges. In criminal cases, the court decides on the amount of bail a defendant must pay to be released. An order of a court of competent jurisdiction. The Rules of the Court are either general or specific. The first are the rules governing the practice of the court; The latter are special orders that are made in individual cases. Appropriate age and discretion: Words used to describe the type of person with whom court documents may be left.

Usually, there must be someone who gives the papers to the right person. For example, this person should not be a child or a person with a mental disability. any act that embarrasses, hinders or hinders the court or reduces the authority or dignity of the court; may result in civil or criminal penalties. There are two types of contempt; directly and indirectly. Direct contempt is that committed in the immediate presence of the court; and indirectly is the term used primarily in connection with the failure or refusal to comply with a legal order. Annulment: A motion to set aside essentially asks the judge to set aside or set aside a particular lawsuit. For example, if a subpoena in court tells the wrong person, a lawyer can file a motion to quash. File Number: A file with the complete history of each case heard by a court. It contains brief chronological summaries of court proceedings. Synonymous with „preliminary examination“; a hearing held by an associate district judge (or a federal court judge) to determine whether a person charged with a crime should be tried. Any hearing or appearance before a court as part of the decision of a case.

Injunction: A court order that a defendant cannot or must not perform a particular act. (Compare the order, the injunction.) Good reason: A good reason. For example, a person must have a „good reason“ (better reason than not having a car or forgetting the court date) because they did not come to a hearing. Edit: To supplement or amend a claim filed in court. Temporary, temporary, non-permanent. Refers to the orders and decrees of a court. Arrest warrant: An arrest warrant is an arrest warrant issued by a judge that orders someone to appear in court for failing to comply with a court order. Certification: 1. Criminal Court: Order of a judge to transfer the criminal proceedings to another court in another district. 2. The act of certification.

See Certify. The courts for the first hearing of questions of fact, unlike the courts of appeal. Revenues: Revenues collected by a public body (e.g., court fees) to offset the cost of providing services. Full of faith and credit: The constitutional requirement that a state comply with an order or judgment of the court of another state. sever: To separate the parts of a case that can be brought before the courts in a new case. Subpoena: A court document used to get a witness to testify (speak in court) or bring records. If a person does not do what is in the subpoena, they may disregard the court. Disposition: Judgment or decision of a court or administrative authority.

pro per: An abbreviated form of „in propria persona“. Refers to persons who bring their own case before the courts without a lawyer; from Latin for „in his own person“. (See also in itself.) A person designated by a court to look after the interests of an infant or incompetent person involved in a legal dispute. Investigation: A judicial inquiry (inquiry) before a court or officials authorized to conduct investigations, usually to determine the cause and circumstances of a death. Order: (1) decision of a bailiff; 2. a directive of the Court of Justice on a question relating to the dispute in the main proceedings which rules on a preliminary remark or guides certain stages of the procedure. Generally used to invalidate a previous conviction, such as an order made after a hearing, when a previous conviction is found to be invalid because certain legal standards were not met during the trial and conviction.

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